The arrested person has been identified as Prasant Kundu of Kotameta village under Malkangiri police limits in the district.
Kundu was arrested after the victim lodged a complaint at Malkangiri police station against her husband on August 24.
According to the complaint, Prasant brought his wife Ranjita for some health check-up at a private hospital in Bhubaneswar in 2018, and cunningly removed one kidney of her and later sold it without her knowledge.
The woman came to know about her missing kidney recently after she visited a doctor following abdominal pain.
Kundu sold the kidney to a person named Asim Haldar of MV 38 village in Malkangiri district, his wife alleged.
Meanwhile, the woman has demanded the stringent punishment for his husband.